Almaqah - The Horned One and The Devil

The Element Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Complete A-Z for the Entire Magical World - Judika Illes 2005

The Horned One and The Devil

Information regarding pre-Islamic Arabian deities is sketchy. However, Almaqah seems to have been the pre-eminent deity of the South Arabian kingdom of Saba, now in modern Yemen. Almaqah was a lunar deity. He bears the title “Lord of the Horned Goats” and is sometimes depicted in the form of an ibex but more frequently as a bull, his primary sacred animal.

Almaqah’s emblems are a cluster of lightning flashes and an “S”-shaped weapon. Sabeans referred to themselves as “children of Almaqah.” The great temple of Marib in Yemen, now sometimes referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World, seems to have been dedicated to him. (Conclusive archeological documentation is still pending.)