Virbius - The Horned One and The Devil

The Element Encyclopedia of Witchcraft: The Complete A-Z for the Entire Magical World - Judika Illes 2005

The Horned One and The Devil

Virbius, a male woodland spirit, is Diana’s chief companion at her shrine in the Forest of Nemi. Virbius is the patron of thieves and manifests as a man or a stag. Less emphasis is placed on chastity in Diana’s cult than in that of Greek Artemis. Virbius is Diana’s consort. Depending upon her aspect, their relationship may be platonic or not.

Statues of Diana that depict her standing beside a stag may indicate a literal stag, her sacred animal, or her consort in stag guise.